Category archives for Английски език

LA RENEGOCIATION DE L’APPARTENANCE DU ROYAUME-UNI A L’UNION EUROPEENNE – VERS UNE NOUVELLE BALANCE DE LA REPARTITION DES COMPETENCES ENTRE L’UNION ET LES ETATS MEMBRES?

  Prof. Dr. Jasmine Popova          La renégociation, demandée par le Royaume–Uni, d’un nouvel arrangement des conditions  de son appartenance à l’UE, pour répondre aux préoccupations soulevées par le Premier Ministre David Cameron, dont le mot clé est «plus de flexibilité», ne fait, en réalité, que remettre à l’ordre du jour une des questions […]

QUANTITY OR QUALITY? RE-ASSESSING THE ROLE OF SUPREME JURISDICTIONS IN CENTRAL EUROPE

Michal Bobek , Advocate General at the Court of Justice of the EU   Abstract Over the last decades, the ever growing caseload in supreme and constitutional jurisdictions all around Europe has forced some of them to reassess the role and functions they should be fulfilling. This article offers, on the example of the Czech […]

WHICH COURT HAS JURISDICTION TO HEAR CLAIMS FOR DAMAGES CAUSED BY A CARTEL?

(Judgment of the Court of Justice of the EU in case C-352/13, CDC HydrogenPeroxide) Oleg Temnikov[1] This article provides an overview of the conclusions regarding the rules of jurisdiction, applicable in the case of private damages claims, which could be brought from the Opinion of the Advocate General and the Judgment of the Court of […]

THE CONCEPT OF DOMINANCE IN THE LIGHT OF EU COMPETITION LAW

Emilia Dimitrova   One of the aims of competition law is to set out rules for ensuring that the undertakings holding a dominant position on the market would not take adverse advantage of such a position to the detriment of customers, suppliers or competitors. Therefore, the concept of dominance appears as one of the central […]

STATE AID IN THE BULGARIAN ENERGY SECTOR: NEW OPPORTUNITIES, OLD CHALLENGES

Alexander Galendinov[1]   The application of EU State aid rules in the Bulgarian energy sector continues to attract attention. In particular, in June 2015, following the adoption of the European Commission’s Guidelines on State aid for Environmental protection and Energy (2014 Guidelines), the Bulgarian authorities issued a draft-ordinance concerning aid in the form of reduction […]

ANTI-SUITINJUNCTION SAND EU LAW AFTER GAZPROM : THE DEBATE GOES ON

(Judgment of the Court of Justice of the EU in case C-536/13, Gazprom) Eleonora Mateina This article attempts to provide an overview of anti-suit injunctions and their functioning in the context of European law. First, it presents a brief overview of anti-suit injunctions in their country of origin – England. Second, the article provide a […]

RULES ON JURISDICTION IN ACTIONS FOR DAMAGES CAUSED BY TRANSNATIONAL ANTICOMPETITVE PRACTICES

Case C-352/13, CDC Hydrogen Peroxide Gabriela Edreva [1] CDC Hydrogen Peroxide is the first case in which the Court has adjudicated directly on the interaction between the provisions of EU primary law on freedom of competition and the provisions of EU private international law on jurisdiction in civil and commercial matters (Regulation No 44/2001/EC). The case […]

SCOPE OF APPLICATION OF THE CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

(Order of the Court of 5 February 2015 in Case C-451/14, Petrus) Maria Georgieva   In order to ensure the implementation of fundamental rights and freedoms defined in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, the European Commission has been publishing, since 2010, an annual report on the application of the Charter. The […]

ЕДИНСТВО В МНОГООБРАЗИЕТО’: BALANCING UNITY AND DIVERSITY IN EU COMPETENCES THROUGH SUBSIDIARITY, PROPORTIONALITY AND FLEXIBILITY

Geert De Baere *   Contents Introduction Subsidiarity and proportionality 2.1 Interpretation 2.2 Application 2.3 Judicial review 2.4 Subsidiarity and proportionality as two sides of the same coin 2.5 Future options and challenges The flexibility clause 3.1 Interpretation, application, and judicial review 3.2 Future options and challenges Conclusion 1.     Introduction The preamble to the Treaty on […]

TAXATION, WHICH DISADVANTAGES UNDERTAKINGS LINKED, WITHIN A GROUP, TO COMPANIES ESTABLISHED IN ANOTHER MEMBER STATE, CONSTITUTES INDIRECT DISCRIMINATION AND IS CONTRARY TO THE FREEDOM OF ESTABLISHMENT

(Judgment of the Court of Justice of the EU in Case C‑385/12, Hervis Sport- és Divatkereskedelmi) Viktoriya Petrikova [1]   The article examines the approach of the CJEU to de facto discrimination in the context of a request for a preliminary ruling concerning the interpretation of Articles 49 and 54 TFEU by a Hungarian court. […]

MESURES RESTRICTIVES DE GEL DES AVOIRS ET DROITS FONDAMENTAUX – RETOUR VERS LE FUTUR?

Arrêt de la Cour de justice de l’Union européenne (cinquième chambre) du 28 novembre 2013 dans l’affaire Conseil de l’Union européenne contre Manufacturing Support & Procurement Kala Naft Co., Tehran   (C-348/12 P)   Jénya Grigorova [1]   L’arrêt dans l’affaire Kadi I[2], loué par certains, critiqué par d’autres, a indiscutablement ouvert la porte pour toute une […]

INTERNATIONAL AND EUROPEAN STANDARDS ON FREEZING AND FORFEITURE OF ILLEGALLY ACQUIRED ASSETS FROM THIRD PARTIES AND THEIR APPLICATION IN BULGARIA

Todor Kolarov and Yulian Razpopov   The legal instruments for freezing and forfeiture of illegally acquired assets from third parties are of prime importance for the success of asset recovery. It is established that criminals tend to transfer illegally gained wealth to third parties – legal entities and individuals – to put it off the […]

HAS EU CITIZENSHIP REACHED BULGARIA? A CRITICAL OVERVIEW OF NATIONAL LEGISLATION AND CASE LAW

Part II Dr Alexander Kornezov[1]   Introduction Part I of this Article examined the compatibility with EU law of relevant Bulgarian legislative acts transposing Directive 2004/38/EC,[2] Directive 93/109/EC[3] and Directive 94/80/EC[4] into national law.[5] Part II focuses on the case law of Bulgarian courts on Union citizenship matters. It will first delve into the application, […]

COMMON EUROPEAN ASYLUM SYSTEM: CHALLENGES AND PERSPECTIVES

Cecilia Malmström   EU Commissioner for Home Affairs [1]   A Common European Asylum System I will focus on a fundamental right that is very close to my heart, one that is easy to proclaim in theory, but more complicated to defend in practice: the right to asylum. I have dedicated a large part of my […]