Category archives for Английски език

KÖBLER AND FRANCOVICH: WHAT IS THEIR RELATIONSHIP?

Zsófia Varga[1]   1. Introduction   The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) held in the judgment in Köbler that Member States are obliged to make good the damage caused to individuals in cases where the infringement of EU law stems from a decision of a Member State court adjudicating at last instance.[2]...

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EUROPEAN COMMISSION’S DECISION IN PROCEEDINGS AGAINST BULGARIAN ENERGY HOLDING FOR ABUSE OF DOMINANT POSITION ON THE WHOLESALE ELECTRICITY MARKET

(EU Commission’s antitrust decision in case No. AT.39767, ‘BEH Electricity’)   Alexander Galendinov[1] On 10 December 2015 the European Commission adopted a decision that renders legally binding the commitments offered by Bulgarian Energy Holding (BEH) to end alleged competition restrictions on Bulgaria’s wholesale electricity market[2]. The European Commission opened proceedings against BEH on 3 December...

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THE ESSENTIAL FACILITY DOCTRINE

(Case law of the European Commission, the European Court of Justice and the Bulgarian Commission for Protection of Competition) [1] Eleonora Mateina[2]   This article provides an overview of the essential facility doctrine in the practice of the European Commission, the ECJ and the Bulgarian Commission for Protection of Competition. The analysis of some of...

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THE ECONOMIC APPROACH REBATES AS FORM OF ABUSE WITH DOMINANCE IN THE LIGHT OF THE CASES TOMRA AND INTEL.

Alexander Kolyachev[1] It seems that in the last decade the European Commission found the important role of economic analysis in applying Article 102 of the EC Treaty to abusive exclusionary conduct by dominant undertakings. This is also the case in assessing the behaviour of a dominant firmdealing with rebate schemes. The degree of the analysis...

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NEW GENERATION OF FREE TRADE BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE EUROPEAN UNION – THE TRANSATLANTIC TRADE AND INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIP (TTIP) AND THE REGULATORY BARRIERS TO TRADE

  Svetlana Chobanova[1] The article looks at one of the most important and controversial issues in the context of the TTIP – the reduction of no-tariff barriers (NTBs) to trade between the European Union (EU) and the United States (US) – by focusing on the most widely spread and serious NTBs: the technical barriers to...

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AWAITING THE NEW LEGISLATIVE INITIATIVE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION ON MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF JUDICIAL ACTS ON FREEZING, SEIZING AND CONFISCATION

Ass. Prof. Dr. Todor Kolarov[1] The article addresses the main issues that continue to represent challenges in mutual recognition of judicial orders in freezing, seizing and confiscation. On those, an action on behalf of the European Commission that scaffolds on Regulation 42/2014/EU could be expected. This time around the ambitions are bigger – namely to...

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THE ACTION FOR DAMAGES AGAINST THE EUROPEAN UNION: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS, ONGOING CHALLENGES, FUTURE POSSIBILITIES

Kathleen Gutman*   I. INTRODUCTION The action for damages against the European Union touches many areas of EU law and has great practical importance for the citizens of Bulgaria and other Member States.  The action for damages, also referred to as an action based on the Union’s non-contractual liability, is enshrined in Article 268 TFEU...

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IS THE AWARD OF LOW VALUE PUBLIC PROCUREMENT CONTRACTS SUBJECT TO LEGAL REVIEW?

 Zlatina Dancheva, lawyer   I. The essence of the problem In accordance with art. 20, par. 3 of the new Public Procurement Law (PPL) the public work contracts with a value net of value-added tax (VAT) from 50 000 to 270 000 levs, as well as the public supplies and services contracts[1] with a value net of...

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GUIDANCE ON THE APPLICATION OF THE LENIENCY PROGRAM

(Judgment of the General Court in case Т-265/2012, Schenker v. Commission) Stanka Cherkezova[1] The article discusses the judgment of the General Court of the EU in case T-265/12 Schenker Limited v. Commission and the wide discretion of the Commission in competition cases on matters of leniency, liability, definition of market, agreement and providing information. On...

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A RACE FOR IMMUNITY OR A GROWING NEED TO HARMONIZE THE EU LENIENCY SYSTEM

Judgment of the Court of the Justice of the EU in case C-428/14, DHL Express (Italy)   Dr. Anton Petrov* The fight against cartels has always been one of the main topics in the European competition policy. Unfortunately, the secretive nature of cartel agreements poses formidable challenges to enforcement agencies and the investigations are usually...

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THE BULGARIAN PRESIDENCY OF THE COUNCIL IN THE CONTEXT OF THE SPECIAL STATUS OF THE UK

   Prof. Dr. Jasmine Popova This article aims to present some issues and challenges in relation to the preparation of the 18-month legislative programme of the “Troyka” (UK, Estonia and Bulgaria), which will be chairing the Council of the EU during the period July 1st 2017- December 31st 2018, taking into consideration the two scenarios...

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INTERPRETATIONAL STATEMENTS OF SUPREME COURTS IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE

Zdeněk Kühn* (Пълният превод на статията на български език може да намерите в частта „Резюме“ на този том)     Supreme Courts’ Interpretational Statements and Guidelines: Their Emergence and Persistence in Central and Eastern Europe In the 1950s one phenomena almost unknown in the Western world appeared in the then Socialist states of Central and...

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SAFE HARBOUR OR PEARL HARBOUR?

  (Judgement of the Court of Justice of the EU in case С-362/14, Schrems) Katina Boncheva On October 6, 2015 the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) annulled the Commission’s Decision of July 26, 2000, according to which the United States of America (USA) ensure adequate protection of personal data, through the so-called “Safe...

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THE INSTITUTIONAL BALANCE AND THE PRINCIPLE OF SINCERE COOPERATION AMONG THE INSTITUTIONS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

(Judgment of the Court of Justice of the EU in case C-425/13, Commission v Council) Dr. Vihar Georgiev [1]   The Treaty of Lisbon has led to a shift in the institutional mechanism of the European Union (EU). The judgment of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) on Case C-425/13 European Commission (the Commission) v...

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OVERVIEW OF THE PROCEDURAL PROBLEMS IN THE CASE LAW OF BULGARIAN COURTS IN THE CONTEXT OF STATE LIABILITY FOR BREACHES OF EUROPEAN UNION LAW

Andrean Slavchev*  [1] With its revolutionary Judgment of 19 November 1991 in case Andrea Francovich and Danila Bonifaci and others v. Repubblica Italiana the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) introduced for the first time the principle of State liability for breaches of European Union law. The Court further developped that principle in Judgment...

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LA RENEGOCIATION DE L’APPARTENANCE DU ROYAUME-UNI A L’UNION EUROPEENNE – VERS UNE NOUVELLE BALANCE DE LA REPARTITION DES COMPETENCES ENTRE L’UNION ET LES ETATS MEMBRES?

  Prof. Dr. Jasmine Popova          La renégociation, demandée par le Royaume–Uni, d’un nouvel arrangement des conditions  de son appartenance à l’UE, pour répondre aux préoccupations soulevées par le Premier Ministre David Cameron, dont le mot clé est «plus de flexibilité», ne fait, en réalité, que remettre à l’ordre du jour une des questions...

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QUANTITY OR QUALITY? RE-ASSESSING THE ROLE OF SUPREME JURISDICTIONS IN CENTRAL EUROPE

Michal Bobek , Advocate General at the Court of Justice of the EU   Abstract Over the last decades, the ever growing caseload in supreme and constitutional jurisdictions all around Europe has forced some of them to reassess the role and functions they should be fulfilling. This article offers, on the example of the Czech...

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THE CHALLENGES OF APPLYING EUROPEAN UNION LAW IN THE CASE LAW OF THE BULGARIAN SUPREME ADMINISTRATIVE COURT

The Editorial Board The article provides an overview of the recent case-law of the Bulgarian Supreme Administrative Cоurt (SAC) in relation to the application and interpretation of EU law. The analysis has shown a number of problem areas and tendencies, which can be summarized as follows: The number of preliminary references made by the Bulgarian...

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WHICH COURT HAS JURISDICTION TO HEAR CLAIMS FOR DAMAGES CAUSED BY A CARTEL?

(Judgment of the Court of Justice of the EU in case C-352/13, CDC HydrogenPeroxide) Oleg Temnikov[1] This article provides an overview of the conclusions regarding the rules of jurisdiction, applicable in the case of private damages claims, which could be brought from the Opinion of the Advocate General and the Judgment of the Court of...

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THE CONCEPT OF DOMINANCE IN THE LIGHT OF EU COMPETITION LAW

Emilia Dimitrova   One of the aims of competition law is to set out rules for ensuring that the undertakings holding a dominant position on the market would not take adverse advantage of such a position to the detriment of customers, suppliers or competitors. Therefore, the concept of dominance appears as one of the central...

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STATE AID IN THE BULGARIAN ENERGY SECTOR: NEW OPPORTUNITIES, OLD CHALLENGES

Alexander Galendinov[1]   The application of EU State aid rules in the Bulgarian energy sector continues to attract attention. In particular, in June 2015, following the adoption of the European Commission’s Guidelines on State aid for Environmental protection and Energy (2014 Guidelines), the Bulgarian authorities issued a draft-ordinance concerning aid in the form of reduction...

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WHAT DO WE HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW? THE CASE LAW OF THE EU COURT ON FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS IN THE AGE OF THE INTERNET

Dr. Niilo Jääskinen, Advocate General, Court of Justice of the European Union 1.      Introduction In 1860 Frederick Douglass, an American abolitionist and a former slave, said that “[t]o suppress free speech is a double wrong. It violates the rights of the hearer as well as those of the speaker.”[1] Even though it is often overlooked,...

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ANTI-SUITINJUNCTION SAND EU LAW AFTER GAZPROM : THE DEBATE GOES ON

(Judgment of the Court of Justice of the EU in case C-536/13, Gazprom) Eleonora Mateina This article attempts to provide an overview of anti-suit injunctions and their functioning in the context of European law. First, it presents a brief overview of anti-suit injunctions in their country of origin – England. Second, the article provide a...

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RULES ON JURISDICTION IN ACTIONS FOR DAMAGES CAUSED BY TRANSNATIONAL ANTICOMPETITVE PRACTICES

Case C-352/13, CDC Hydrogen Peroxide Gabriela Edreva [1] CDC Hydrogen Peroxide is the first case in which the Court has adjudicated directly on the interaction between the provisions of EU primary law on freedom of competition and the provisions of EU private international law on jurisdiction in civil and commercial matters (Regulation No 44/2001/EC). The case...

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SCOPE OF APPLICATION OF THE CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

(Order of the Court of 5 February 2015 in Case C-451/14, Petrus) Maria Georgieva   In order to ensure the implementation of fundamental rights and freedoms defined in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, the European Commission has been publishing, since 2010, an annual report on the application of the Charter. The...

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